08 Commerce

Unit 1: Business Environment and International Business

Concepts and elements of business environment: Economic environment- Economic systems, Economic policies(Monetary and fiscal policies); Political environment- Role of government in business; Legal environment- Consumer Protection Act, FEMA; Socio-cultural factors and their influence on business; Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

 Scope and importance of international business; Globalization and its drivers; Modes of entry into international business

 Theories of international trade; Government intervention in international trade; Tariff and non-tariff barriers; India’s foreign trade policy

 Foreign direct investment (FDI) and Foreign portfolio investment (FPI); Types of FDI, Costs and benefits of FDI to home and host countries; Trends in FDI; India’s FDI policy

 Balance of payments (BOP): Importance and components of BOP

 Regional Economic Integration: Levels of Regional Economic Integration; Trade creation and diversion effects; Regional Trade Agreements: European Union (EU), ASEAN, SAARC, NAFTA

 International Economic institutions: IMF, World Bank, UNCTAD

 World Trade Organisation (WTO): Functions and objectives of WTO; Agriculture Agreement; GATS; TRIPS; TRIMS

 

Unit 2: Accounting and Auditing

 Basic accounting principles; concepts and postulates

 Partnership Accounts: Admission, Retirement, Death, Dissolution and Insolvency of partnership firms

 Corporate Accounting: Issue, forfeiture and reissue of shares; Liquidation of companies; Acquisition, merger, amalgamation and reconstruction of companies

 Holding company accounts

 Cost and Management Accounting: Marginal costing and Break-even analysis; Standard costing; Budgetary control; Process costing; Activity Based Costing (ABC); Costing for decision-making; Life cycle costing, Target costing, Kaizen costing and JIT

 Financial Statements Analysis: Ratio analysis; Funds flow Analysis; Cash flow analysis

 Human Resources Accounting; Inflation Accounting; Environmental Accounting

 Indian Accounting Standards and IFRS

 Auditing: Independent financial audit; Vouching; Verification ad valuation of assets and liabilities; Audit of financial statements and audit report; Cost audit

 Recent Trends in Auditing: Management audit; Energy audit; Environment audit; Systems audit; Safety audit

 

Unit 3: Business Economics

 Meaning and scope of business economics

 Objectives of business firms

 Demand analysis: Law of demand; Elasticity of demand and its measurement; Relationship between AR and MR

 Consumer behavior: Utility analysis; Indifference curve analysis

 Law of Variable Proportions: Law of Returns to Scale

 Theory of cost: Short-run and long-run cost curves

 Price determination under different market forms: Perfect competition; Monopolistic competition; Oligopoly- Price leadership model; Monopoly; Price discrimination

 Pricing strategies: Price skimming; Price penetration; Peak load pricing

 

Unit 4: Business Finance

 Scope and sources of finance; Lease financing

 Cost of capital and time value of money

 Capital structure

 Capital budgeting decisions: Conventional and scientific techniques of capital budgeting analysis

 Working capital management; Dividend decision: Theories and policies

 Risk and return analysis; Asset securitization

 International monetary system

 Foreign exchange market; Exchange rate risk and hedging techniques

 International financial markets and instruments: Euro currency; GDRs; ADRs

 International arbitrage; Multinational capital budgeting

 

Unit 5: Business Statistics and Research Methods

 Measures of central tendency

 Measures of dispersion

 Measures of skewness

 Correlation and regression of two variables

 Probability: Approaches to probability; Bayes’ theorem

 Probability distributions: Binomial, poisson and normal distributions

 Research: Concept and types; Research designs

 Data: Collection and classification of data

 Sampling and estimation: Concepts; Methods of sampling – probability and non-probability methods; Sampling distribution; Central limit theorem; Standard error; Statistical estimation

 Hypothesis testing: z-test; t-test; ANOVA; Chi–square test; Mann-Whitney test (U-test); Kruskal-Wallis test (H-test); Rank correlation test

 Report writing

 

Unit 6: Business Management and Human Resource Management

 Principles and functions of management

 Organization structure: Formal and informal organizations; Span of control

 Responsibility and authority: Delegation of authority and decentralization

 Motivation and leadership: Concept and theories

 Corporate governance and business ethics

 Human resource management: Concept, role and functions of HRM; Human resource planning; Recruitment and selection; Training and development; Succession planning

 Compensation management: Job evaluation; Incentives and fringe benefits

 Performance appraisal including 360 degree performance appraisal

 Collective bargaining and workers’ participation in management

 Personality: Perception; Attitudes; Emotions; Group dynamics; Power and politics; Conflict and negotiation; Stress management

 Organizational Culture: Organizational development and organizational change

 

Unit 7: Banking and Financial Institutions

 Overview of Indian financial system

 Types of banks: Commercial banks; Regional Rural Banks (RRBs); Foreign banks; Cooperative banks

 Reserve Bank of India: Functions; Role and monetary policy management

 Banking sector reforms in India: Basel norms; Risk management; NPA management

 Financial markets: Money market; Capital market; Government securities market

 Financial Institutions: Development Finance Institutions (DFIs); Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs); Mutual Funds; Pension Funds

 Financial Regulators in India

 Financial sector reforms including financial inclusion

 Digitisation of banking and other financial services: Internet banking; mobile banking; Digital payments systems

 Insurance: Types of insurance- Life and Non-life insurance; Risk classification and management; Factors limiting the insurability of risk; Re-insurance; Regulatory framework of insurance- IRDA and its role

 

Unit 8: Marketing Management

 Marketing: Concept and approaches; Marketing channels; Marketing mix; Strategic marketing planning; Market segmentation, targeting and positioning

 Product decisions: Concept; Product line; Product mix decisions; Product life cycle; New product development

 Pricing decisions: Factors affecting price determination; Pricing policies and strategies

 Promotion decisions: Role of promotion in marketing; Promotion methods – Advertising; Personal selling; Publicity; Sales promotion tools and techniques; Promotion mix

 Distribution decisions: Channels of distribution; Channel management

 Consumer Behaviour; Consumer buying process; factors influencing consumer buying decisions

 Service marketing

 Trends in marketing: Social marketing; Online marketing; Green marketing; Direct marketing; Rural marketing; CRM

 Logistics management

 

Unit 9: Legal Aspects of Business

 Indian Contract Act, 1872: Elements of a valid contract; Capacity of parties; Free consent; Discharge of a contract; Breach of contract and remedies against breach; Quasi contracts;

 Special contracts: Contracts of indemnity and guarantee; contracts of bailment and pledge; Contracts of agency

 Sale of Goods Act, 1930: Sale and agreement to sell; Doctrine of Caveat Emptor; Rights of unpaid seller and rights of buyer

 Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881: Types of negotiable instruments; Negotiation and assignment; Dishonour and discharge of negotiable instruments

 The Companies Act, 2013: Nature and kinds of companies; Company formation; Management, meetings and winding up of a joint stock company

 Limited Liability Partnership: Structure and procedure of formation of LLP in India

 The Competition Act, 2002: Objectives and main provisions

 The Information Technology Act, 2000: Objectives and main provisions; Cyber crimes and penalties

 The RTI Act, 2005: Objectives and main provisions

 Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) : Patents, trademarks and copyrights; Emerging issues in intellectual property

 Goods and Services Tax (GST): Objectives and main provisions; Benefits of GST; Implementation mechanism; Working of dual GST

 

Unit 10: Income-tax and Corporate Tax Planning

 Income-tax: Basic concepts; Residential status and tax incidence; Exempted incomes; Agricultural income; Computation of taxable income under various heads; Deductions from Gross total income; Assessment of Individuals; Clubbing of incomes

 International Taxation: Double taxation and its avoidance mechanism; Transfer pricing

 Corporate Tax Planning: Concepts and significance of corporate tax planning; Tax avoidance versus tax evasion; Techniques of corporate tax planning; Tax considerations in specific business situations: Make or buy decisions; Own or lease an asset; Retain; Renewal or replacement of asset; Shut down or continue operations

 Deduction and collection of tax at source; Advance payment of tax; E-filing of income-tax returns

MATHS

  • Number System:
  • Consolidating the sense of numbers up to 5 digits, size, estimation of numbers, identifying smaller, larger, etc.
  • Place Value
  • Indian Number System and International Number System. Comparison of the International number system and Indian Number System.
  • Natural numbers and Whole numbers:
  • Properties of numbers (Associative, commutative, distributive, multiplicative identity, additive identity)
  • Number Line.
  • Negative Numbers and Integers:
  • Use of negative numbers.
  • Connection of negative numbers in daily life.
  • Representation of negative numbers in the number line.
  • Ordering of negative numbers.
  • Addition and subtraction of integers.
  • Identification of integers on the number line.
  • Sets
  • Idea of sets
  • Representation of sets
  • The cardinality of sets.
  • Fractions
  • Representation of fractions.
  • Fraction as a division.
  • Proper, improper and mixed fractions.
  • Equivalent Fractions.
  • Operations on fractions.
  • Word problems involving addition and subtraction of decimals.
  • Playing with numbers
  • Simplification of brackets
  • HCF and LCM, prime factorization and division method for LCM and HCF, the property LCM * HCF = product of two numbers.
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Difference between Ratio and Fraction.
  • Concept of Ratio.
  • Unitary method.
  • Word problems based on proportions and ratio.
  • Introduction to speed and problems based on speed, time and distance.
  • Algebra
  • Introduction to constants, variable and unknown through patterns through appropriate word problems and generalisations
  • Introduction to algebraic terms like expressions, literal numbers, coefficient, factors, polynomials degree, like and unlike terms.
  • Framing algebraic expressions.
  • Evaluation of algebraic expressions by substituting a value for the variable.
  • Linear equation in one variable
  • Geometry
  • Basic geometrical ideas
  • Line, line segment, ray.
  • Open and closed figures.
  • Exterior and interior of a closed figure.
  • Linear and Curvilinear boundaries.
  • Angle – Arm, vertex, exterior and interior.
  • Triangle – Sides, angles, vertices, interior and exterior, altitude and median
  • Quadrilaterals – Vertices, sides, diagonals, angles, diagonals, adjacent sides and opposite sides, interior and exterior of a quadrilateral.
  • Circle – Radius, Centre, diameter, sector, arc, segment, chord, circumference, semicircle, exterior and interior.
  • Understanding Elementary Shapes (2-D and 3-D)
  • Measure of Line Segment, angles.
  • Pair of lines – Intersecting and perpendicular lines, Parallel lines.
  • Angles – Acute, obtuse, right, straight, complete, reflex and zero angles.
  • Classification of triangles on the basis of sides and angles.
  • Types of quadrilaterals – Trapezium, parallelogram, rectangle, rhombus, square.
  • Identification of 3-D shapes: Cuboids, Cubes, Cylinder, Sphere, Cone, Prism.
  • Elements of #D figures.
  • Symmetry: (reflection)
  • Observation and identification of 2-D symmetrical objects for reflection symmetry.
  • Operation of reflection.
  • Constructions (using Straight edge Scale, protractor, compasses )
  • Perpendicular bisector
  • Drawing of a line segment.
  • Construction of angles by using a protractor.
  • An angle equal to the given angle.
  • Construction of circle.
  • Mensuration
  • Introduction to area and concept of perimeter.
  • General understanding of perimeter using many shapes.
  • Concept of area, Area of a rectangle and a square.
  • Conversion of units : (Mass, time, money, and capacity) from a smaller to larger and vice versa.
  • The perimeter of a rectangle – and its special case a square.
  • Deducing the formula of the perimeter for a rectangle and then a square through pattern and generalisation.
  • Data Handling
  • Collection of data to examine a hypothesis
  • Mean and median of data not having more than ten observations.
  • Construction of bar graphs for given data interpreting bar graphs.

MATHEMATICS

Integral Calculus:

  1. Area Under Curves
  2. Definite Integration
  3. Differential Equation
  4. Indefinite Integration

Algebra:

  1. Binomial Theorem
  2. Complex Numbers
  3. Mathematical Induction
  4. Matrices and Determinants
  5. Permutation and Combination
  6. Progressions
  7. Set Theory and Relations
  8. Probability
  9. Theory of Equation

Coordinate Geometry:

  1. Circle
  2. Ellipse
  3. Hyperbola
  4. Parabola
  5. Point and Straight Line
  6. Vector

Differential Calculus:

  1. Continuity and Differentiability
  2. Differential Coefficient
  3. Differentiation and Application of Derivatives
  4. Functions
  5. Limits

Trigonometry:

  1. Inverse Trigonometric Functions
  2. Trigonometrical Equations and Inequations
  3. Trigonometrical Ratios, Functions and Identities

 

SETS, RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS:

Sets and their representation; Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions;. one-one, into and onto functions, the composition of functions.

COMPLEX NUMBERS AND QUADRATIC EQUATIONS:

Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number, triangle inequality, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions. Relation between roots and co-efficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots.

MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS:

Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants and matrices of order two and three. Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants. Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices.

PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS:

Fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications.

MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION:

Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.

BINOMIAL THEOREM AND ITS SIMPLE APPLICATIONS:

Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.

SEQUENCES AND SERIES:

Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers. Relation between A.M. and G.M. Sum upto n terms of special series: S n, S n2, Sn3. Arithmetico – Geometric progression.

LIMIT, CONTINUITY AND DIFFERENTIABILITY:

Real – valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity and differentiability. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order upto two. Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems. Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals.

INTEGRAL CALCULUS:

Integral as an anti – derivative. Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Integration by substitution, by parts and by partial fractions. Integration using trigonometric identities.

Evaluation of simple integrals of the type

Integral as limit of a sum. Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Properties of definite integrals. Evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form.

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS:

Ordinary differential equations, their order and degree. Formation of differential equations. Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type:

dy/dx+p(x)y=q(x)

CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY:

Cartesian system of rectangular co-ordinates 10 in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its equation, translation of axes, slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.

Straight lines

Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.

Circles, conic sections

Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the end points of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent. Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.

THREE DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY:

Coordinates of a point in space, distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two intersecting lines. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.

VECTOR ALGEBRA:

Vectors and scalars, addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and three dimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product.

STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY:

Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.

Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye’s theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.

TRIGONOMETRY:

Trigonometrical identities and equations. Trigonometrical functions. Inverse trigonometrical functions and their properties. Heights and Distances.

MATHEMATICAL REASONING:

Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if. Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contrapositive.

IRMASAT

IRMASAT is conducted by IRMA for admission to its PGDRM programme. IRMA SAT 2020 is scheduled to be held in the month of February, 2020. In the IRMA Social Awareness Test or IRMASAT, candidates are tested on the subject of “Issues of Social Concern”. A total of 40 questions are asked in the admissions test. The duration of IRMA admissions test is 80 minutes.

Candidates can view the demo Online Mock Test on the official IRMA website to prepare for IRMASAT 2020.

IRMASAT 2020 Exam Pattern: Overview

Exam Structure                                       Details                 

Test Duration                                           80 minutes                        

Total Number of Sections                       1

Total Number of Questions                     40

Number of options                                    5

Marks per question                                   1

Negative marking for wrong question   0.25 of the allotted marks

Mode                                                            Computer-based

 

IRMASAT 2020 Question Paper Features:

Type of Questions                                  Number of Questions

Paragraph Based                                         28

Paragraph Based Fill in the Blanks           3

Standalone                                                    9

Total                                                                40

 

Minimum score required to apply for IRMASAT 2020 (category wise)

Category                              Percentage Required

General and OBC                              50%

Scheduled Caste (SC)                     45%

Scheduled Tribe (ST)                      45%

Persons with Disabilities                45%

 

IRMASAT Syllabus

IRMA uses CAT/ XAT scores to shortlist candidates. Selected candidates are thereafter called for IRMA online admission test known as, IRMA Social Awareness Test or IRMASAT, on the subject of “Issues of Social Concern”.

Candidates need to answer 40 questions on “Issues of Social Concern” in one hour 20 minutes. The section generally tests the candidate’s understanding of relevant social issues and socio-economic factors.

Some of the topics covered under the syllabus of IRMASAT are:

  • Indian Economy
  • Environmental Issues
  • Human Development
  • Rural and Urban Population
  • Sex Ratio
  • Entertainment
  • Mythology
  • Geography
  • International Affairs      
  • Banking
  • Sports
  • Social and Economic Development
  • Employment and Literacy
  • Gender and Social Groups like Caste and Religion
  • Agriculture
  • Rural Development
  • Human Rights
  • Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Health Issues
  • Education

BIOLOGY

  • 1: Diversity in Living World
  • Biology – its meaning and relevance to mankind
  • What is living; Taxonomic categories and aids; Systematics and Binomial system of nomenclature.
  • Introductory classification of living organisms (Two-kingdom system, Five-kingdom system);
  • Plant kingdom – Salient features of major groups (Algae to Angiosperms);
  • Animal kingdom – Salient features of Nonchordates up to phylum, and Chordates up to class level.
  • XXIII
  • 2: Cell: The Unit of Life; Structure and Function
  • 1 Cell wall; Cell membrane; Endomembrane system (ER, Golgi apparatus/Dictyosome, Lysosomes,
  • Vacuoles); Mitochondria; Plastids; Ribosomes; Cytoskeleton; Cilia and Flagella; Centrosome and
  • Centriole; Nucleus; Microbodies.
  • 2 Structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic, and between plant and animal cells.
  • 3 Cell cycle (various phases); Mitosis; Meiosis.
  • 4 Biomolecules – Structure and function of Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic acids.
  • 5 Enzymes – Chemical nature, types, properties and mechanism of action.
  • 3: Genetics and Evolution
  • 1 Mendelian inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Gene interaction; Incomplete dominance;
  • Co-dominance; Complementary genes; Multiple alleles;
  • 2 Linkage and Crossing over; Inheritance patterns of hemophilia and blood groups in humans.
  • 3 DNA –its organization and replication; Transcription and Translation;
  • 4 Gene expression and regulation; DNA fingerprinting.
  • 5 Theories and evidences of evolution, including modern Darwinism.
  • 4: Structure and Function – Plants
  • 1 Morphology of a flowering plant; Tissues and tissue systems in plants; Anatomy and function of root,
  • stem (including modifications), leaf, inflorescence, flower (including position and arrangement of
  • different whorls, placentation), fruit and seed; Types of fruit; Secondary growth;
  • 2 Absorption and movement of water (including diffusion, osmosis and water relations of cell) and of
  • nutrients; Translocation of food; Transpiration and gaseous exchange; Mechanism of stomatal
  •  
  • 3 Mineral nutrition – Macro- and micro-nutrients in plants including deficiency disorders; Biological
  • nitrogen fixation mechanism.
  • 4 Photosynthesis – Light reaction, cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; various pathways of
  • carbon dioxide fixation; Photorespiration; Limiting factors.
  • 5 Respiration – Anaerobic, Fermentation, Aerobic; Glycolysis, TCA cycle; Electron transport system;
  • Energy relations.
  • 5: Structure and Function – Animals
  • 1 Human Physiology – Digestive system – organs, digestion and absorption; Respiratory system –
  • organs, breathing and exchange and transport of gases.
  • 2 Body fluids and circulation – Blood, lymph, double circulation, regulation of cardiac activity;
  • Hypertension, Coronary artery diseases.
  • 3 Excretion system – Urine formation, regulation of kidney function
  • 4 Locomotion and movement – Skeletal system, joints, muscles, types of movement.
  • 5 Control and co-ordination – Central and peripheral nervous systems, structure and function of neuron,
  • reflex action and sensory reception; Role of various types of endocrine glands; Mechanism of hormone
  •  
  • 6: Reproduction, Growth and Movement in Plants
  • 1 Asexual methods of reproduction;
  • 2 Sexual Reproduction – Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination (Types and agents);
  • Fertilization; Development of embryo, endosperm, seed and fruit (including parthenocarpy and
  • elminth).
  • XXIV
  • 3 Growth and Movement – Growth phases; Types of growth regulators and their role in seed dormancy,
  • germination and movement;
  • 4 Apical dominance; Senescence; Abscission; Photo- periodism; Vernalisation;
  • 5 Various types of movements.
  • 7: Reproduction and Development in Humans
  • 1 Male and female reproductive systems;
  • 2 Menstrual cycle; Gamete production; Fertilisation; Implantation;
  • 3 Embryo development;
  • 4 Pregnancy and parturition;
  • 5 Birth control and contraception.
  • 8: Ecology and Environment
  • 1 Meaning of ecology, environment, habitat and niche.
  • 2 Ecological levels of organization (organism to biosphere); Characteristics of Species, Population,
  • Biotic Community and Ecosystem; Succession and Climax. Ecosystem – Biotic and abiotic
  • components; Ecological pyramids; Food chain and Food web;
  • 3 Energy flow; Major types of ecosystems including agroecosystem.
  • 4 Ecological adaptations – Structural and physiological features in plants and animals of aquatic and
  • desert habitats.
  • 5 Biodiversity and Environmental Issues – Meaning, types and conservation strategies (Biosphere
  • reserves, National parks and Sanctuaries), Air and Water Pollution (sources and major pollutants);
  • Global warming and Climate change; Ozone depletion; Noise pollution; Radioactive pollution;
  • Methods of pollution control (including an idea of bioremediation); Deforestation; Extinction of species
  • (Hot Spots).
  • 9: Biology and Human Welfare
  • 1 Animal husbandry – Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries; Major animal diseases and their control. Pathogens
  • of major communicable diseases of humans caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoans and
  • elminthes, and their control.
  • 2 Cancer; AIDS.
  • 3 Adolescence and drug/alcohol abuse;
  • 4 Basic concepts of immunology.
  • 5 Plant Breeding and Tissue Culture in crop improvement.
  • 10: Biotechnology and its Applications
  • 1 Microbes as ideal system for biotechnology;
  • 2 Microbial technology in food processing, industrial production (alcohol, acids, enzymes, antibiotics),
  • sewage treatment and energy generation.
  • 3 Steps in recombinant DNA technology – restriction enzymes, NA insertion by vectors and other
  • methods, regeneration of recombinants
  • 4 Applications of R-DNA technology in human health –Production of Insulin, Vaccines and Growth
  • hormones, Organ transplant, Gene therapy.
  • 5 Applications in Industry and Agriculture – Production of expensive enzymes, strain improvement to
  • scale up bioprocesses, GM crops by transfer of genes for nitrogen fixation, herbicide-resistance and
  • pest-resistance including Bt crops.
  •  

CHEMISTRY

  • Solid State
  • Solutions
  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Surface Chemistry
  • Isolation of Elements
  • p-Block Elements
  • d- and f-Block Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen
  • Biomolecules
  • Polymers
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life

NEET PG

  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology
  • Forensic medicine
  • Social and preventive medicine
  • General medicine including dermatology and venerelogy and psychiatry
  • General surgery including orthopedics, anesthesia and radio-diagnosis
  • Obstetrics and gynecology
  • Pediatrics
  • ENT
  • Ophthalmology

NEET PG Exam Pattern

                Particulars                                          Details

  • Mode of Examination                        Computer-based Test
  • Duration of Examination                   3 hours 30 minutes
  • Medium of the Question paper        English
  • Number of Questions                        300
  • Type of Questions                              Multiple Choice Questions
  • Marking Pattern                                 Correct Answer: +4 marks, Incorrect Answer: – 1 marks, Unanswered Question: 0 marks
  • Sections in question paper              (Part A, B and C) each containing 50, 100, 150 MCQs

ENGLISH

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

 Ice-cream Man Wonderful Waste!    
 Teamwork Flying Together      
 My Shadow Robinson Crusoe Discovers a footprint
 Crying My Elder Brother      
 The Lazy Frog Rip Van Winkle    
 Class Discussion The Talkative Barber    
 Topsy-turvy Land Gulliver’s Travels    
 Nobody’s Friend The Little Bully    
Sing a Song of People Around the World  
 Malu Bhalu Who Will be Ningthou?  
 Ice-cream Man Wonderful Waste!    
 Teamwork Flying Together      
 My Shadow Robinson Crusoe Discovers a footprint
 Crying My Elder Brother      
 The Lazy Frog Rip Van Winkle    
 Class Discussion The Talkative Barber    
 Topsy-turvy Land Gulliver’s Travels    
 Nobody’s Friend The Little Bully    
Sing a Song of People Around the World  
 Malu Bhalu Who Will be Ningthou?  
 Ice-cream Man Wonderful Waste!    
 Teamwork Flying Together      
 My Shadow Robinson Crusoe Discovers a footprint
 Crying My Elder Brother      
 The Lazy Frog Rip Van Winkle    
 Class Discussion The Talkative Barber    
 Topsy-turvy Land Gulliver’s Travels    
 Nobody’s Friend The Little Bully    
Sing a Song of People Around the World  
 Malu Bhalu Who Will be Ningthou?    

BHU UET L.L.B

BHU UET L.L.B Exam Pattern

Before starting one’s preparation, it is important that one goes through the BHU UET exam pattern at least once. It is because it will give key details about the exam – like the test comprises of multiple-choice questions, information which can be used by the candidate for more effective preparation.

BHU LLB Exam Pattern        

  • Test Duration – 120 Minutes
  • Total papers – 1
  • Total Marks – 450
  • Total Questions – 150 MCQ’s
  • Marking Scheme – Each Question Carries 3 marks

BHU UET L.L.B Syllabus

  • General knowledge
  • General awareness
  • Current affairs

 

  • Mathematics
  • Quantitative aptitude
  • Mental ability

 

  • Legal aptitude
  • Common legal knowledge

 

  • English
  • Comprehension