• Anatomy
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Community medicine
  • Forensic medicine
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology
  • Clinical postings inwards
  • OPDS
  • Medicine and allied subjects (psychiatry, dermatology)
  • Obstetrics
  • Gynaecology
  • Paediatrics
  • Surgery and allied subjects (anaesthesiology, e.n.t., ophthalmology, orthopaedics)
  • Clinical postings
  • General anatomy including embryology and histology
  • General human physiology
  • Dental anatomy, embryology and oral histology
  • General pathology
  • General microbiology
  • Dental materials
  • General and dental pharmacology & therapeutics
  • Preclinical conservative dentistry
  • Preclinical orthodontics
  • Preclinical prosthodontics and crown & bridge
  • General medicine
  • General surgery
  • Oral pathology & oral microbiology
  • Public health dentistry
  • Periodontology
  • Oral medicine and radiology
  • Orthodontics & dentofacial orthopaedics
  • Oral & maxillofacial surgery
  • Conservative dentistry & endodontics
  • Prosthodontics and crown & bridge
  • Paediatric & preventive dentistry

Exam Pattern

AIIMS PG MD/MS Exam Pattern

  • Particulars                                 Details
  • Exam Duration                          3 Hours
  • Medium of Examination          English
  • Question Type                           Multiple Choice Questions
  • Number of Questions               200
  • Marking Scheme                       As mentioned in the table below
  • Syllabus                                      Based on MBBS curriculum

AIIMS PG marking scheme for MD/MS courses:

                        Type of questions                                  Marking scheme                                                             Negative marking

  • Single best answer type                              1 mark for correct answer                                             1/3 for an incorrect answer
  • Multiple true-false type                        1/5 mark for each alternative/statement                  1/5 for each incorrect alternative/statement
  • Match the following type                                 1/4 mark for each response                                   – 1/4 for every wrong attempt
  • Sequential arrangement typ                        1 mark for full correct sequence                             1 mark for an incorrect sequence
  • Multiple completion type                                1 mark for a correct option                                 1/4 will be deducted for wrong option
  • Reason assertion type                                         1  for correct answer                                            1/4 mark for a wrong answer
  • Extended matching items/questions              1/2 mark for each scenario                        1/2 for every incorrect number of scenarios

AIIMS PG MDS Exam Pattern


  • Particulars                                 Details
  • Exam Duration                          3 hours
  • Medium of Examination         English
  • Question Type                          Multiple Choice Questions
  • Number of Questions             200
  • Marking Scheme                     As mentioned below in the table
  • Syllabus                                    Based on BDS curriculum


AIIMS MDS marking scheme

              Type of questions                                                Marking scheme                                                              Negative marking                                           

  • Single best answer type                                   1 mark for correct answer                                            1/3 for an incorrect answer
  • Multiple true-false type                           1/5 mark for each alternative/statement              1/5 for each incorrect alternative/statement
  • Match the following type                                   1/4 mark for each response                                        – 1/4 for every wrong attempt
  • Sequential arrangement type                         1 mark for full correct sequence                             1 mark for an incorrect sequence
  • Multiple completion type                                   1 mark for a correct option                               1/4 will be deducted for wrong option
  • Reason assertion type                                                  1 for correct answer                                      1/4 mark for a wrong answer
  • Extended matching items/questions                    1/2 mark for each scenario                          1 /2 for every incorrect number of scenarios



Introduction to Semiconductor, energy bands in solids, concept of effective mass, density of states, Fermi levels. PN Junction, Diode equation and diode equivalent circuit, Breakdown in diodes, Zener diode, Tunnel diode, Metal semiconductor junction – Ohmic and Schottky contacts, Characteristics and equivalent circuits of JFET, MOSFET. Low dimensional semiconductor devices – quantum wells, quantum wires, quantum dots. High Electron Mobility Transistor (HEMT), Solar cells – I-V characteristics, fill factor and efficiency, LED, LCD and flexible display devices. Emerging materials for future Devices: Graphene, Carbon Nano tubes (CNT), ZnO, SiC etc.



IC fabrication – crystal growth, epitaxy, oxidation, lithography, doping, etching, isolation methods, metallization, bonding, Thin film deposition and characterization Techniques: XRD, TEM, SEM, EDX, Thin film active and passive devices, MOS technology and VLSI, scaling of MOS devices, NMOS and CMOS structures and fabrication, Characteristics of MOS transistors and threshold voltage, NMOS and CMOS inverters, Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) – structure, charge storage and transfer, Basics of VLSI design, stick diagrams, Layout design rules.



Superposition, Thevenin, Norton and Maximum Power Transfer Theorems, Network elements, Network graphs, Nodal and Mesh analysis. Laplace Transform, Fourier Transform and Z-transform. Time and frequency domain response, Passive filters, Two-port Network Parameters : Z, Y, ABCD and h parameters, Transfer functions, Signal representation, State variable method of circuit analysis, AC circuit analysis, Transient analysis, Zero and Poles, Bode Plots. Continuous time signals, Fourier Series and Fourier transform representations, Sampling theorem and applications, Discrete time signal, Discrete Fourier transform (DFT), Fast Fourier transform (FFT), Basic concepts of digital signal processing, digital filters – IIR, FIR.



Rectifiers, Voltage regulated ICs and regulated power supply, Biasing of Bipolar junction transistors and FETs, operating point and stability, Amplifiers, Classification of amplifiers, Concept of feedback, Hartley, Colpitt’s and Phase Shift oscillators, Operational amplifiers (OPAMP) – characteristics, computational applications, comparators, Schmitt trigger, Instrumentation amplifiers, wave shaping circuits, Phase locked loops, Active filters, Multivibrators, Voltage to frequency convertors (V/F), frequency to voltage convertors (F/V).



Logic Families, Logic Gates, Boolean algebra and minimization techniques, Combinational circuits, Programmable Logic Devices (PLD), CPLD, flip-flops, memories, Sequential Circuits: Counters – Ring, Ripple, Synchronous, Asynchronous, Shift registers, multiplexers and demultiplexers, A/D and D/A converters, Analysis and Design of fundamental mode state machines: State variables, State table and State diagram. Sequential PLD, FPGA, Analysis and Design of digital circuits using HDL.



Introduction of Microprocessor 8086: Architecture, Addressing modes, instruction set, interrupts, Programming, Memory and I/O interfacing. Introduction of Microcontrollers – 8051 for embedded systems, Architecture and register set of Microcontroller 8051, Addressing modes, Instruction set of 8051 – Data transfer instructions, Arithmetic instructions, Logic instructions, bit level and byte level control transfer instructions, 8051 assembly programming – stack operations, subroutines, interrupts, 8051 programming as timer/counter, 8051 serial communication, 8051 interfacing RS232, LED/LCD display, Keyboard , Stepper motor.



Electrostatics – vector calculus, Gauss’s Law, Laplace and Poisson’s equations, Magnetostatics – Biot Savert’s law, Ampere’s law and electromagnetic induction, Maxwell’s equations and wave equations, Plane wave propagation in free space, dielectrics and conductors, Poynting theorem, Reflection and refraction, polarization, interference, coherence and diffraction, Transmission lines and waveguides – line equations, impedance, reflections and voltage standing wave ratio, rectangular waveguides. Antennas – retarded potential and Hertzian dipole, half wave antenna, antenna patterns, radiation intensity, gain, effective area and Frii’s free space receiver power equation. Microwave Sources and Devices -Reflex Klystron, Magnetron, TWT, Gunn diode, IMPATT diode, Crystal Detector and PIN diode. Radar – block diagram of Radar, frequencies and power used, Radar range equation.



Analog modulation and demodulation – AM, FM and PM, Principle of super heterodyne receiver, Random signals, noise, noise temperature and noise figure, Basic concepts of information theory, Error detection and correction, Digital modulation and demodulation – PCM, ASK, FSK, PSK, BPSK, QPSK and QAM, Time and Frequency-Division Multiplexing, Multiple Access techniques, Data Communications – Modems, Codes, Principles of Mobile and Satellite Communication, Optical communication, Optical sources – LED, spontaneous and stimulated emission, semiconductor Lasers, Detectors – PIN photodiodes, Avalanche photodiodes (APD), Optical fibers – attenuation and dispersion characteristics, Bandwidth, Wavelength division multiplexing. Fundamentals of Internet of Things (IoT) for communication.



Power devices – characteristics of SCR, DIAC, TRIAC, power transistors, Protection of thyristors against over voltage and over current. SCR triggering – dv/dt and di/dt, triggering with single pulse and train of pulses, A.C. and D.C. motors – construction and speed control. Switched Mode Power Supply (SMPS). Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS). Open loop and closed loop control system, Block Diagram reduction techniques, transfer function and signal flow diagram, Stability criterion: Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist plot, On-off controller, Proportional (P), Proportional-Integral (PI), Proportional-Derivative (PD), PID controllers.



Transducers – Resistance, Inductance, Capacitance, Piezoelectric, Thermoelectric, Hall effect, Photoelectric, Measurement of displacement, velocity, acceleration, force, torque, strain, temperature, pressure, flow, humidity, thickness, pH. Measuring Equipment – Measurement of R, L and C, Bridge and Potentiometers, voltage, current, power, energy, frequency/time, phase, Digital Multimeters, CRO, Digital Storage Oscilloscope, Spectrum Analyzer., Biomedical Instruments – ECG, EEG, Blood Pressure Measurements, MEMS and its applications Sensors for IoT applications.


AIIMS MBBS 2020 Exam Pattern

        As per the AIIMS MBBS Exam Pattern, the question paper contains 200 multiple choice questions from the science section which includes Physics, Biology and Chemistry and two additional sections- General Knowledge and Aptitude & Logical Thinking. AIIMS, New Delhi does not prescribed a syllabus for the entrance exam but it has been clarified that the question paper is of Class 12 level. The available language medium for AIIMS MBBS exam is English or Hindi and candidates will receive the test paper in that medium which they have opted in the AIIMS MBBS application form. The total duration of AIIMS MBBS exam is 3 hours and 30 minutes.

The marking scheme of AIIMS MBBS involves negative marking wherein candidates will be given 1 mark for each correct answer and 1/3 marks will be subtracted from the total score for each wrong answer. No marks will be granted for the questions which are marked under review by the candidates or have been left unattempted. As the exam is conducted in four shifts, there will be a normalization procedure involved which is based on the percentile.

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology (botany & zoology)
  • General knowledge
  • Aptitude and logical thinking


Woven Words

  • The Lament
  • A Pair of Mustachios
  • The Rocking-horse Winner
  • The Adventure of the Three Garridebs
  • Pappachi’s Moth
  • The Third and Final Continent
  • Glory at Twilight
  • The Luncheon


  • The Peacock
  • Let me Not to the Marriage of True Minds
  • Coming
  • Telephone Conversation
  • The World is too Much With Us


Mother Tongue

  • Hawk Roosting
  • For Elkana
  • Refugee Blues
  • Felling of the Banyan Tree
  • Ode to a Nightingale
  • Ajamil and the Tigers


  • My Watch
  • My Three Passions
  • Patterns of Creativity
  • Tribal Verse
  • What is a Good Book?
  • The Story
  • Bridges


KMAT Kerala Exam Pattern 2020 mentions details about the question paper, subjects, syllabus, questions as well as marking scheme. KMAT Kerala 2020 exam will be conducted on December 1, 2019. Candidates must check KMAT Kerala exam pattern to get familiarity before appearing for the test. KMAT Kerala 2020 is a paper-based test carrying Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs).


KMAT Kerala 2020 Paper Pattern:

Exam Features                  Details                                 

Exam Mode                        Paper based      

Test duration                     150 minutes

Total questions                 180

Type of questions            Objective type questions

Sections                               4

Total Marks                        720 marks


KMAT Kerala 2020 Sectional Weightage

The KMAT Kerala question paper is divided into four section:


Subject                                                                                 Questions           Marks


English language, Reading and Comprehension                  50           200

Quantitative Aptitude                                                                 50           200

Data Sufficiency and Logical Reasoning                                 40           160

General Knowledge and Business Scenario                            40           160

Total                                                                                               180         720


KMAT KERALA Syllabus 2020

KMAT Kerala 2020 syllabus is similar to national level management entrance test, CAT, conducted by the Indian Institute of Management. Here’s an overview of topics the candidates need to study.


Quantitative Aptitude

  • Percentage
  • Profit and Loss
  • Time-Speed-Distance
  • Simple Interest
  • Series
  • Time and Work
  • Number System
  • Data Interpretation
  • Compound Interest
  • Pie Chart
  • Bar Graph
  • Basic Arithmetic
  • Algebra


English Language

  • Grammar
  • Para Jumbles
  • Antonym and Synonym
  • Vocabulary
  • Word Meaning
  • Tense
  • Critical Reasoning
  • Fill in the Blanks
  • Reading Comprehension

Data Sufficiency and Logical Reasoning

  • Table
  • Line graphs etc
  • Puzzles
  • Series
  • Bar
  • Blood Relations
  • Arrangements
  • Coding-Decoding
  • Pie
  • Direction Sense
  • Data Structures
  • Clocks and Calendars





1. Defence and Strategic Studies : Assumptions and Approaches. 

2. The Concepts of Nation:  State and Nation – State, Theories and Elements of State National Power and its Components 

3. Key Concepts of National Security: Defining National Security, National Defence and National Interest, National Character and Evolution-of the National Security concept in the 20th Century and Beyond. 

4. National Security Concerns of Major Powers, Middle Powers and Small Powers 

5. National Security Structures: Armed Forces, Intelligence Agencies, Police Forces, Decision-Making Structures, etc. 

6. National Security Environment: Internal and External

7. Defence, Foreign, Security and Domestic Policies; Concept formulation, objectives and linkages.

8. Military Alliances and Pacts, Peace Treaties, Defence Cooperation, Strategic Partnership and Security Dialogue. 

9. Non – Alignment, Balance of Power, Collective Security and Balance of Terror – Concept, Development and Relevance.

10. Deterrence and Détente: Concept and contemporary relevance. 



1. Contribution of Sun Tzu,

2. Kautilya,

3. Machiavelli,

4. Jomini,

5. Carl von Clausewitz, 6. General Giulio Douhet

7. W.Mitchell,

8. J.F.C.Fuller,

9. Capt.B.H.Liddell Hart,

10. Marx, Lenin, Mao Zedong and Che Guevara.

11. Nuclear Deterrence: Andre Beaufre, Henry Kissinger and K. Subrahmanyam.

12. Thoughts of Gandhi and Nehru on Peace, Security and Development.




1. Theories and causes of War. 

2. Principles of War. 

3. Contemporary Warfare : Conventional Warfare in Nuclear age, Limited War, Revolutionary Warfare, Low Intensity Operations, Guerilla Warfare, Insurgency and Counter – Insurgency. 

4. Armaments : Arms Race, Arms Aid, Arms Trade, Arms Proliferation, Proliferation of Small Arms 

5. Military Alliances and Pacts, Peace Treaties, Defence Cooperation, Strategic Partnership and Security Dialogue. 

6. Terrorism : Concept and kinds (National, International and Cross border). 

7. Conflicting Ideologies : Militarism, Nationalism, Fundamentalism, Separatism, Irredentism. 

8. Concept and Elements of Deterrence: Nuclear & Conventional. 

9. Evolution of Global Nuclear Doctrines 

10. Democratic Peace Theory 




1. Basic Concepts and Theory

(i) Concepts of Disarmament & Arms Control

(ii) Objectives and Conditions of Disarmament

(iii) Elements of Arms Control Mechanisms: Agreements, verification, inspection, control.

(iv) Approaches to Disarmament & Arms Control


2. Historical Survey of Disarmament Efforts:

(i) Under the League of Nations

(ii) Under the United Nations

(iii) Unilateral, Bilateral and Multilateral approaches

(iv) Role of Non-aligned Nations in Disarmament Negotiations

3. Weapons of Mass Destruction: Nuclear, Chemical & Biological Weapons.

4. Nuclear Arms Limitation Nuclear Arms Control Treaties.

5. Chemical weapons Convention and Biological Weapons Convention

6. Concept of Non-proliferation, NPT, CTBT, PTBT MTCR FMCT, & other treaties

7. Nuclear Export Control Regimes

8. New Challenges and Responses – Missile Defense, Cooperative Threat Reduction and G-7 Global Partnership

9. Disarmament & Arms Control and Economic Development

10. Terrorism and Nuclear Proliferation.

11. Concept of Star Wars and NMD




1. End of cold war and emergence of new world order. 

2. Proliferation of Military, Nuclear and missile capabilities 

3. Environmental Issues : climate change and Global Warming, Desertification, Acid Rains, Industrial Pollution, Deforestation 

4. Organized Crimes : Money Laundering, Narco – trafficking , Human Trafficking and small arms proliferation. 

5. Migrants and Refugees: (a) Causes (b) Illegal migration and border management (c) Problem in South Asia (d) Role of International Committee of Red Cross and UN High Commission for Refugees. 

6. Global Security Concerns: Palestinian-Israeli conflict & Arab Spring, Developments in Central Asian Republics (CARs), Rise of Fundamentalism, Challenges in Korean Peninsula, Taiwan and Power Rivalry in South China Sea. 

7. Problem of System of Governance and Human Rights 

8. Food Security, Energy Security and Water Security problems in modern era. 

9. Millennium Development Goals. 



1. Genesis of Sino-Indian Relations 

2. The Boundary Dispute, Sino- Pakistan Nexus, OBOR and CPEC, China and India- Military Balance, Chinese Policy towards South Asia

3. Rise of India and China: Cooperation and Competition, Chinese Interests in Indian Ocean and South China Sea 

4. Strategic Dimension of India- Pakistan Relations: Genesis of India-Pakistan Conflict, Indo-Pak Military balance, The Kashmir Question, Pakistan Sponsored Terrorism, Pakistan’s Nuclear Strategy, The Powers Structure of Pakistan, Contentious. Issues: Siachin, Sir Creek, River Waters, etc. 

5. India and South Asia: Issues and Challenges for Regional Cooperation. 

6. Making of India’s Defence Policy since Independence: (a) Threat perception, assessment and preparedness (b) Political and military lessons of 1948, 1962, 1965, 1971, 1999 wars (c) Future trends 

7. India’s Look East and Act East Policies, Indo- Pacific Cooperation, Strategic Partnerships. 

8. India’s maritime security and strategy in 21st century: (a) Indian Ocean (b) Asia-Pacific region(c) Security of Sea Lanes, India’s Maritime Strategy for the 21st Century. 

9. India’s Defence Doctrines and Strategies including Nuclear Doctrine 

10. Higher Defence Organization of India. 



1. Origin, Type and Structure of Conflict. 

2. Ideologies and International conflicts. 

3. Role of United Nations in Conflict Management and Re – Structuring of UNO 

4. Techniques of Conflict Prevention 

5. Conflict Management : Pacific Solutions of International Disputes, Coercive methods. 

6. International Humanitarian Laws and Laws of Armed Conflicts. 

7. Confidence Building Measures : Concept, kinds and utility. 

8. IGOs & NGOs in Conflict Resolution: Peace Making, Peace Keeping and Peace Building. 

9. Gandhian Philosophy on Peace and Non-violence 

10. Nehruvian approach to National Security and Cooperation 




1. Basic Concept & meaning of Disaster, Introduction to terminologies associated with Disaster and National Security: Natural and Manmade, Vulnerability, Risk etc., Identifying various types of Disasters.

2. Natural Disaster and Human Induced Disaster: Floods, Cyclone, Earthquake, Tsunami – WMD Disaster – Disaster associated with various industries

3. Study of Disaster in India / Around the World: Case Studies: Tsunami 2004, Bhopal Gas Tragedy, Chernobyl, Fukushima, Uttarakhand etc.

4. Disaster Management : Meaning, Association and Distinction with related concepts like Disaster Mitigation, Response, and Recovery, Relief, and Reconstruction

5. Institutional Mechanism for Disaster Management in India: Role of Armed Forces, Central and State Governments, NGO, National Disaster Management Authority, Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services.





1. Economic Theories of Defence. 

2. Sustainable Development: Challenges & Responses. 

3. Basics of Defence Planning, Determinants of Defence Expenditure. 

4. Defence Budgeting.

5. Economic Causes of War.

6. Economic Warfare in modem times. 

7. Economic Problems of Post War reconstruction. 

8. National Security and International Trade regimes (WTO, TRIPS, TRIMS, FTA’s NAFTA, SAPTA, & NSG). 

9. India’s role in Regional and Global Economic Forums and Organizations. 10. Geo-economics and its Implications for global/regional economic stability




1. Broad Survey of Technological Changes from Industrial Revolution to Information Revolution. 2. India’s Civil Nuclear and Space Programs, India’s Energy Scenario. 

3. Research and Development : Relevance of Science and Technology in National Security.  Impact of Information Technology; Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA). Choice of Weapon Systems. 

4. Impact of Economic Liberalization and Globalization : Defence Production in India ( Role of DPSU’s and Ordnance factories ). Defence and Development and Peace & Development Dichotomies. 

5. Issues of Mobilization of Resources during War and Peace. 

6. Military Industrial Complexes. 

7. Transfer of Technology : Dual use and critical technologies and their impact on national security.

8. Interdependence and Cooperation at Regional and Global levels. 

9. Cyber Security : Vulnerabilities of Information technology and internet, Need and importance of cyber security, Different kinds of cyber security vulnerabilities, Cyber wars including propaganda, measures for cyber security- Technology, laws and regulations, global issues in cyber security. 

10. Social Media and its Impact on National Security- Global reach with rapid speed for propaganda and indoctrinate misinformation and rumour mongering cadre recruitment and use of social networking sites for mobilizing public opinion.


  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • English language and comprehension
  • Logical and quantitative reasoning

JIPMER MBBS Exam Pattern

JIPMER MBBS exam pattern acquaints candidates with the different attributes of the question paper like medium, mode, and type of questions. JIPMER MBBS is to be held in two shifts namely morning and afternoon shift. The question paper, displayed on the computer screen, comprises 200 questions which are assertion-reason based or multiple-choice questions. The marking scheme of JIPMER MBBS involves negative marking for incorrect responses, therefore, 1 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer. Questions which are kept under marked for review section and are answered will be considered as answered. 4 marks will be given for the responses which are correct and 0 marks will be given for unanswered questions. The authorities will use normalization procedure to determine the cut off percentile calculated on the basis of raw scores of the candidates. The JIPMER MBBS question paper will be only prepared in the English language.


MAT  Paper Pattern

The MAT question paper is divided into five sections having 40 questions each in MCQ format. Check the section-wise break-up of number of questions, below.


              Sections                                              – Number of Questions

  • Language Comprehension                   – 40
  • Intelligence and Critical Reasoning    – 40
  • Data Analysis and Sufficiency             – 40
  • Mathematical Skills                              – 40
  • Indian and Global Environment           – 40
  • Total                                                        – 200

MAT Syllabus:

  • MAT syllabus is prescribed by AIMA, the exam conducting body
  • There has been no change in the MAT syllabus for 2019
  • The syllabus of Computer Based Test (CBT) and Paper Based Test (PBT) modes of MAT exam is same

Section-wise MAT Syllabus

Section A: Language Comprehension

The section includes 40 Multiple Choice Questions based on the topics listed below –

  • Verb, Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Adverb
  • Speech
  • Sentence making and correction
  • Antonyms
  • Synonyms
  • One word substitution
  • Idioms/Phrases
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Vocabulary
  • Grammar
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Para Jumble

Section B and C: Data Analysis & Sufficiency and Mathematics

These sections comprise 40 objective type questions each, based on topics including G.P, A.P, Geometry, Statistics, and also Accountancy.

  • Time-Speed-Distance
  • Ratios and Proportion
  • HCF & LCM
  • In-equations Quadratic and linear equations
  • Averages
  • Number system
  • Algebra
  • Geometric Progression
  • Partnership (Accounts)
  • Geometry including Lines, angles, Triangles, Spheres, Rectangles, Cube, & Cones
  • Work and time
  • Profit & Loss
  • Percentages

Section D: Intelligence and Critical Reasoning

  • Family tree
  • Course of Action
  • Arrangement
  • Pie Chart
  • Calendars
  • Statement Conclusions
  • Strong Arguments and Weak Arguments
  • Puzzles
  • Series
  • Blood Relations
  • Coding & Decoding
  • Column graphs
  • Multi-dimensional arrangements
  • Visual reasoning
  • Numeric grid
  • Critical Reasoning
  • Syllogisms
  • Graphs representing Area

Section E: Indian & Global Environment Section

  • Current affairs
  • Top officials of big companies
  • Punch line of companies
  • Important Quotations
  • Sports
  • Science
  • World Records
  • Famous awards and Prizes
  • History
  • Social issues
  • Finance
  • Entertainment
  • Business
  • Books and Authors
  • International Organisation
  • Geography
  • Major Corporate news
  • Politics


  • ReproductionDetails:-
  • Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.
  • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events- Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
  • Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis- spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).
  • Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).
  • Genetics and EvolutionDetails:-
  • Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism-Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
  • Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation- Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA finger printing.
  • Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.
  • Biology and Human WelfareDetails:-
  • Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse.
  • Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry.
  • Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.
  • Biotechnology and Its ApplicationsDetails:-
  • Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).
  • Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.
  • Ecology and environmentDetails:-
  • Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.
  • Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy; Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release.
  • Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries.
  • Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warning; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.


OPENMAT Exam Pattern Highlights 2019

Features                              Details

Exam Mode                        Computer-Based Test mode

Exam Duration                  180 minutes

Exam centres                     106 test cities in India

Type of Questions             Objective type questions

Total Questions                  200 MCQs

Total Marks                        200 marks

Test Language                   English only

OPENMAT Questions per Section

OPENMAT Papers                      Sections                               Number of questions

Test I                                     General Awareness                        30 questions

Test II                                    English language                             50 questions

Test III                                  Quantitative Aptitude                       50 questions

Test IV                                  Reasoning                                          70 questions

Total                                      4 subjects                                           200 questions

OPENMAT Section-wise Syllabus 

Test I – General Awareness 

  • General Knowledge
  • World Organizations
  • Sports CE
  • Person, Places, Awards
  • Countries
  • Sports
  • General Economic Study
  • General Science – Biology, Physics, Chemistry 
  • National CE
  • Democratic Polity
  • History of India

Test II – English Language 

  • Reading Comprehension – Passages,
  • Fill in the blanks,
  • Pairing of words,
  • Sentences,
  • Synonyms
  • Antonyms
  • Sentence Improvement             
  • Idioms and Phrases
  • Analogous Pair

Test III – Quantitative Aptitude 

  • Number System
  • LCM and HCF
  • Decimals and Fractions
  • Simplification
  • Average
  • Algebraic Equations 
  • Geometry      
  • Ages
  • Ratios
  • Percentage
  • Sets
  • Calendar
  • Table
  • Profit and Loss
  • Time and Work
  • Logarithms
  • Area and Parameter
  • Clocks
  • Discount
  • Permutation and combinations
  • Probability
  • Square root
  • Compound Interest
  • Volume and Surface Area

Test IV – Reasoning 

  • Diagrams and figures
  • Statements
  • Direction and distance
  • Logical reasoning
  • Analytical reasoning
  • Blood relations
  • Mixed and Substitution coding
  • Number Analogy test
  • Complete word Analogy
  • Number series test
  • Letter series test